CreateFile(), GetHandleInformation() and CloseHandle()



Compiler: Visual C++ Express Edition 2005

Compiled on Platform: Windows XP Pro SP2

Header file: Standard and Windows

Additional library: Windows Platform SDK

Additional project setting: Set project to be compiled as C

Project -> your_project_name Properties -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Compiled As: Compiled as C Code (/TC)

Other info: non-CLR or unmanaged

To do: Using file handle

To show: File handle: CreateFile(), GetHandleInformation() and CloseHandle()




// File handle: CreateFile(), GetHandleInformation() and CloseHandle()

#include <windows.h>

#include <stdio.h>


int main(void)


// handle to a file


// file and path, change accordingly. LPCWSTR is a pointer to a constant

// null-terminated string of 16-bit Unicode characters. It is a typedef:

// typedef CONST WCHAR *LPCWSTR. The modifier 'L' is for wide character.

LPCWSTR fname = L"c:\\testfile.txt";

DWORD lpdwFlags[100];

BOOL test;


// Create a file with the given information...

hFile = CreateFile(fname, // file to be opened

GENERIC_WRITE, // open for writing

FILE_SHARE_WRITE, // share for writing

NULL, // default security

CREATE_ALWAYS, // create new file only


// normal file archive and impersonate client

NULL); // no attr. template



printf("Could not open %s file, error %d\n", fname, GetLastError());



printf("File's HANDLE is OK!\n");

test = GetHandleInformation(hFile, lpdwFlags);

printf("The return value is %d, error %d\n", test, GetLastError());


// when finished, close the file handle



return 0;



Output example:


File's HANDLE is OK!

The return value is 1, error 0

Press any key to continue . . .



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