The C++ char_traits, to_char_type(), to_int_type and eq() program example

 

Compiler: Visual C++ Express Edition 2005

Compiled on Platform: Windows XP Pro SP2

Header file: Standard

Additional library: none/default

Additional project setting: Set project to be compiled as C++

Project -> your_project_name Properties -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Compiled As: Compiled as C++ Code (/TP)

Other info: none

To do: Using to_char_type() function to converts an int_type character to the corresponding char_type character and returns the result and to_int_type() to converts a char_type character to the corresponding int_type character and returns the result. The eq() to test whether two char_type characters are equal.

To show: How to use the to_char_type(), to_int_type and eq() C functions in C++ programming

 

// the C++ char_traits, to_char_type(), to_int_type and eq()

#include <string>

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

 

int main(void)

{

char_traits<char>::char_type chr1 = '3';

char_traits<char>::char_type chr2 = 'C';

char_traits<char>::char_type chr3 = '#';

 

cout<<"chr1 = "<<chr1<<", chr2 = "<<chr2<<", chr3 = "<<chr3<<endl;

 

// converting from char_type to int_type

char_traits<char>::int_type int1, int2, int3;

int1 =char_traits<char>::to_int_type(chr1);

int2 =char_traits<char>::to_int_type(chr2);

int3 =char_traits<char>::to_int_type(chr3);

 

cout<<"Operation: to_int_type(character)"<<endl;

cout<<"The char_types and corresponding int_types are:"<<endl;

cout<<chr1<<" ==> "<<int1<<endl;

cout<<chr2<<" ==> "<<int2<<endl;

cout<<chr3<<" ==> "<<int3<<endl;

 

// int_type to char_type re conversion

char_traits<char>::char_type rev_chr1;

rev_chr1 = char_traits<char>::to_char_type(int1);

char_traits<char>::char_type rev_chr2;

rev_chr2 = char_traits<char>::to_char_type(int2);

 

cout<<"\nOperation: to_char_type(integer)"<<endl;

cout<<"The inverse conversion are:"<<endl;

cout<<int1<<" ==> "<<rev_chr1<<endl;

cout<<int2<<" ==> "<<rev_chr2<<endl;

 

// test for conversions, they are just inverse operations

cout<<"\nOperation: eq(rev_chr1, chr1)"<<endl;

 

bool var1 = char_traits<char>::eq(rev_chr1, chr1);

if(var1)

cout<<"The rev_chr1 is equal to the original chr1."<<endl;

else

cout<<"The rev_chr1 is not equal to the original chr1."<<endl;

 

// alternatively

if(rev_chr2 == chr2)

cout<<"The rev_chr2 is equal to the original chr2."<<endl;

else

cout<<"The rev_chr2 is not equal to the original chr2."<<endl;

 

return 0;

}

 

Output example:

 

chr1 = 3, chr2 = C, chr3 = #

Operation: to_int_type(character)

The char_types and corresponding int_types are:

3 ==> 51

C ==> 67

# ==> 35

Operation: to_char_type(integer)

The inverse conversion are:

51 ==> 3

67 ==> C

Operation: eq(rev_chr1, chr1)

The rev_chr1 is equal to the original chr1.

The rev_chr2 is equal to the original chr2.

Press any key to continue . . .

 

 

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