C++ STL algorithm, adjacent_find() program example

 

Compiler: Visual C++ Express Edition 2005

Compiled on Platform: Windows XP Pro SP2

Header file: Standard

Additional project setting: Set project to be compiled as C++

Project -> your_project_name Properties -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Compiled As: Compiled as C++ Code (/TP)

Other info: none

To do: Using the C++ adjacent_find() to search for two adjacent elements that are either equal or satisfy a specified condition in C++ programming

To show: How to use the C++ algorithm, adjacent_find() to search for two adjacent elements that are either equal or satisfy a specified condition in C++ programming

 

// C++ STL algorithm, adjacent_find()

#include <list>

#include <algorithm>

#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

 

// returns whether second element is twice the first

bool twice(int elem1, int elem2)

{return ((elem1 * 2) == elem2);}

 

int main(void)

{

// list container

list<int> lst;

// list iterators

list<int>::iterator Iter;

list<int>::iterator result1, result2;

 

// pushing data, constructing a list

lst.push_back(14);

lst.push_back(17);

lst.push_back(31);

lst.push_back(31);

lst.push_back(10);

lst.push_back(20);

 

// print the data

cout<<"lst list data: ";

for(Iter = lst.begin(); Iter != lst.end(); Iter++)

cout<<*Iter<< " ";

cout<<endl<<endl;

 

// do the adjacent_find() operation

result1 = adjacent_find(lst.begin(), lst.end());

if(result1 == lst.end())

cout<<"There are not two adjacent elements that are equal."<<endl;

else

cout<<"There are two adjacent elements that are equal. They have a value of "<<*(result1)<<endl;

 

// another adjacent_find() operation

result2 = adjacent_find(lst.begin(), lst.end(), twice);

if(result2 == lst.end())

cout<<"\nThere are no two adjacent elements where the second is twice the first."<<endl;

else

{

cout<<"\nThere are two adjacent elements where the second is twice the first. They have values of "<<*(result2++);

cout<<" & "<<*result2<<endl;

}

return 0;

}

 

Output examples:

 

lst list data: 14 17 31 31 10 20

There are two adjacent elements that are equal. They have a value of 31

There are two adjacent elements where the second is twice the first. They have values of 10 & 20

Press any key to continue . . .

 

 

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