Another binary, decimal, hex and octal numbering base conversions C program example

 

 

Compiler: Visual C++ Express Edition 2005

Compiled on Platform: Windows XP Pro SP2

Header file: Standard

Additional library: none/default

Additional project setting: Set project to be compiled as C

Project -> your_project_name Properties -> Configuration Properties -> C/C++ -> Advanced -> Compiled As: Compiled as C Code (/TC)

Other info: nil

To do: Doing the conversion of the different computer numbering system binary, decimal, hexadecimal and octal conversion

To show: How to convert different computer numbering base which are binary, decimal, hexadecimal and octal in C programming

 

 

/* Doing the binary, decimal, hexadecimal and octal conversion */

#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

/* strlen()/wcslen() */

#include <string.h>

 

/* function prototypes */

/* decimal conversion function */

void decimal(char *deci, int *decires);

/* convert decimal to binary */

void decnumtobin (int *dec);

 

int main(void)

{

/* Yes or No value to continue with program */

char go;

char choice1;

char choice2;

/* numtest, value to test with, and pass to functions */

int numtest;

/* value to convert to binary, and call decnumtobin function */

int bintest;

int flag;

flag = 0;

go = 'y';

 

do

{

printf ("Enter the h for hex input: ");

/* scanf("%c", &choice1); */

scanf_s("%c", &choice1, 1);

getchar();

printf ("\n");

printf ("Enter your hex number lor!: ");

 

/* If hexadecimal number */

if ((choice1 == 'h') || (choice1 == 'H'))

{

/* scanf ("%x", &numtest); */

scanf_s("%x", &numtest, 1);

getchar();

}

else

{

flag = 1;

printf ("Only h!\n");

printf("Program exit...\n");

exit(0);

}

/* Firstly convert the input 'number' to binary */

bintest = numtest;

decnumtobin(&bintest);

/* output the hex, decimal or octal */

printf ("\n");

printf ("Enter the d for decimal output: ");

/* scanf ("%c", &choice2); */

scanf_s("%c", &choice2, 1);

getchar();

 

/* If decimal number */

if ((choice2 == 'd') || (choice2 == 'D'))

decimal(&choice1, &numtest);

/* else... */

else

{

flag = 1;

printf("Only d!");

printf("\nProgram exit...");

exit(0);

}

printf ("\n\n");

printf ("The program is ready to exit...\n");

printf ("Start again? (Y for Yes) : ");

/* scanf ("%c", &go); */

scanf_s("%c", &go, 1);

getchar();

 

/* initialize to NULL */

numtest = '\0';

choice1 = '\0';

choice2 = '\0';

}

while ((go == 'y') || (go == 'Y'));

printf ("-----FINISH-----\n");

return 0;

}

 

void decimal(char *deci, int *decires)

{

int ans = *decires;

char ch = *deci;

if ((ch == 'h') || (ch == 'H'))

printf ("\nThe number \"%X\" in hex is equivalent to \"%d\" in decimal.\n", ans, ans);

}

 

void decnumtobin (int *dec)

{

int input = *dec;

int i;

int count = 0;

int binary[128];

 

do

{

/* Modulus 2 to get 1 or a 0 */

i = input%2;

/* Load Elements into the Binary Array */

binary[count] = i;

/* Divide input by 2 for binary decrement */

input = input/2;

/* Count the binary digits */

count++;

}while (input > 0);

 

/* Reverse and output binary digits */

printf ("The binary representation is: ");

do

{

printf ("%d", binary[count - 1]);

count--;

if(count == 4)

printf(" ");

} while (count > 0);

printf ("\n");

}

 

Output example:

 

Enter the h for hex input: h

Enter your hex number lor!: ABCFE7

The binary representation is: 10101011110011111110 0111

Enter the d for decimal output: d

The number "ABCFE7" in hex is equivalent to "11259879" in decimal.

The program is ready to exit...

Start again? (Y for Yes) : y

Enter the h for hex input: h

Enter your hex number lor!: AB

The binary representation is: 1010 1011

Enter the d for decimal output: d

The number "AB" in hex is equivalent to "171" in decimal.

The program is ready to exit...

Start again? (Y for Yes) : n

-----FINISH-----

Press any key to continue . . .

 

 

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